the earliest days of mining, men have successfully located
mineral deposits by panning out "float" minerals uphill to
their source. "Float" is the name given to fragments which
have broken away from their mother lode and have been transported
by gravity and weathering or water downhill or down-stream.
Robust, lightweight plastic and aluminum sieves are available
in a range of sizes. Sieves are hands to screen out waste
gravels above three-quarter of an inch and can cut panning
time in half.
Use the puddler when the wash dirt contains a lot of clay
or when large amounts are to be treated, or if the dish
method is too slow. The wash dirt is puddled into a solution
and drained away.
A lightweight metal take-down cradle is now available which
can be easily transported in the trunk of a car. At the
top it has a lift out sieve for clearing away the large
rocks. And a chute to keep the material at the back of the
cradle, and then the bottom sluice has lift up riffles for
easy access for cleaning. Mesh netting as well as grooved
carpet is laid underneath the riffles to catch the fine
gold. Two solid rockers are mounted underneath the sluice
to create a good action, as well as a solid metal handle
to start the movement.